January 28th, 2022
From the Catskills to Tanzania, here is a look ahead at the most exciting new destinations and renovation plans for 2022.
Chatwal Lodge, The Catskills | Bethel, NY | April 1, 2022
90 minutes from Manhattan, Chatwal Lodge is located at The Chapin Estate, a 2,500-acre gated residential community. Architect and designer Steve Dubrovsky specializes in 19th-century Adirondack style, and he is also a four-time circuit champion of the Professional Rodeo Cowboy Association. 10 suites spread among three buildings will feature private patios overlooking the 1,000-acre Toronto Reservoir Lake. Activities will range from fly fishing in the on-property trout stream and kayaking with a to-go picnic to Ayurvedic treatments in-suite.
(Photo credit: The Chapin Estate or Tim Williams, as noted in the file name)
andBeyond Grumeti Serengeti River Lodge | Tanzania | June 6, 2022
Conservation-led luxury travel company andBeyond has announced that andBeyond Grumeti Serengeti Tented Camp in Tanzania’s Western Corridor will reemerge from an extensive rebuild, following a flood in April 2020, with a brand-new identity as andBeyond Grumeti Serengeti River Lodge. As part of andBeyond’s ethos, sustainability will be key in the rebuild. With interiors by long-time andBeyond collaborator Fox Browne Creative, the rebuild will use the existing footprint of the former structure to redefine the classical tented camp look in a form that will least impact the natural landscape. Guest suites will double in size and feature deep baths and indoor showers, as well as extensive outdoor decks with private plunge pools. The rebuild will also bring a new family suite featuring an additional attached bedroom. An extended selection of experiences is also being developed in time for the reopening. These will combine with the rich resident wildlife of this remote corner of the Serengeti, as well as the lodge’s ideal location for experiencing the thrilling river crossing and vast herds of the Great Migration.
(Photo credit: andBeyond)
Nayara Tented Camp | Costa Rica | June 2022
Nayara Tented Camp opened at the end of 2019 as one of the first luxury camps in Central America. This June, they are putting the finishing touches on a big phase two which will see the addition of a main building, reception area, bar, lounge, restaurant, swimming pool, and fire pit. There will also be several new accommodations, including: two four-bedroom villas with a living area, dining area, and main deck and pool (with the option to add a third tented bedroom); six two-bedroom tented suites (perfect for families); and two more tented suites. Nayara Tented Camp will then have a total of 38 accommodations altogether, and the new two-bedroom villas will be perfect for larger families and groups and those seeking extra privacy.
(Images to come.)
Opening for the Summer Season
- Jared Coffin House – Opening April 6
The Jared Coffin House, a three-story brick mansion, was built by and named for one of Nantucket’s original shipping merchants. Dating from the mid-19th century, it oozes historic charm and graceful service. As a nod to the island’s history-making females, each of the four suites are named after influential women, including abolitionist Anna Gardner and women’s rights activist Lucretia Coffin Mott.
- Cottages at Nantucket Boat Basin – Opening April 7
The Cottages at the Boat Basin evoke the mood of a quaint New England fishing village, and are the closest guests will get to staying on the water without being on a boat. Most cottages have decks and patios where guests can enjoy al fresco clambakes and picnics. For those traveling with pets, The Woof Cottages welcome pups with Draper Canine beds, a basket of treats and toys, food and water bowls, dog-walking services, and personalized pet tags.
- White Elephant – Opening April 14
The White Elephant has been a favorite Nantucket retreat since the 1920s. The height of preppy New England elegance with grey shingles and white trim. A stone’s throw from the center of town, the property has accommodations for every traveler including suites on the harbor, garden cottages and two in-town Lofts, Easy Street and the Loft at 32 Main and multi-bedroom Residences with kitchenettes. The White Elephant’s Brant Point Grill is a staple restaurant on island and known for their famed Sunday Brunch and Lobster Bloody Mary.
- Wauwinet – Opening April 14
Situated on the northeast end of Nantucket bordering the peaceful Coskata-Coatue Wildlife Refuge, the 32-room Wauwinet is the island’s only Relais & Chateaux property. An adults-only escape, the hotel offers an ambiance of storybook romance. The location is a standout – with access to two private beaches – one on the ocean and one on the Bay. The on-property restaurant TOPPER’S, a don’t-miss dining spot on island, features a seasonally inspired menu with local produce and seafood.
- Kalesma, Mykonos, Greece – Opening April 21, 2022
Kalesma opened in the summer of 2021 and stands apart from other hotels on the island with its amazing service (the owners are bringing in their trusted staff from their three hotspot restaurants in Athens to get it started). They are one of the earliest seasonal openings this year to coincide with their festive Greek Easter celebration. This year there will be new one-bedroom villas with an option to connect for a two-bedroom villa. They are moving and creating a new bar to optimize the views of the water looking both East and West. More information on what’s new for 2022 coming soon!
- Cipriani, A Belmond Hotel, Venice – Opening March 10
Giuseppe Cipriani — also the founder of Harry’s Bar, the birthplace of the Bellini that was inspired by the pinky golden hues over St. Mark’s Square — opened Cipriani in 1956 as a haven for jet-setting travelers. Belmond guests can enjoy the only Olympic-sized swimming pool in the city and exclusive behind-the-scenes tours of the city’s libraries and archives.
- Grand Hotel Timeo, A Belmond Hotel, Taormina – Opening March 15
Grand Hotel Timeo was formerly a private home and converted into a hotel in 1873. The property is adjacent to the Greek theater, stretched along six acres of tropical gardens, with views on the Naxos Bay and Mount Etna.
- Splendido Mare, A Belmond Hotel, Portofino – Opening March 25
One year following its complete restoration by Paris-based FESTEN Architecture, Splendido Mare reopens for the 2022 season. Inspired by its history in a fishing village, the 14-room property is a chic seaside guesthouse with fresh seafood and Italian fare at the onproperty restaurant, DaV Mare, and offers a trip along the Italian Riviera aboard a gozzo, a traditional Ligurian fishing boat.
- Villa San Michele, A Belmond Hotel, Florence – Opening March 27
Nestled on a hilltop amid lush trees and terraced gardens, the 15th-century facade is attributed to Michelangelo. Guests are invited to experience the delicate beauty and solitude of a monastery that is as much a part of Italy’s culture as the country’s greatest cathedrals and galleries. A colorful highlight is a 400-year-old wisteria, the only one in Florence to bloom twice a year.
- Castelo did Casole, A Belmond Hotel, Tuscany – Opening April 1
The 4,200-acre property is one of the largest private estates in Italy, nestled in Tuscany’s geographical center between Siena and Florence. A former castle dating back to the 10th century, it has changed hands from Italian aristocratic family to acclaimed cinematographer Luchino Visconti before joining the Belmond portfolio.
- Caruso, A Belmond Hotel, Ravello – April 1
Perched atop the highest point of the charming town of Ravello, at 1,000 ft above sea level, the 11th-century palace adorns Instagram feeds with its heated infinity pool. The historic property features 18th-century Neapolitan paintings, lush grounds with lemon and olive trees, and a two-suite Villa Margherita for those seeking extra privacy.
- Splendido, A Belmond Hotel, Portofino – April 1
Splendido Mare’s sister property – just a quick, complimentary shuttle ride away, is a restored 16th-century monastery. Splendido is nestled up in the hills overlooking Portofino with a heated saltwater pool and Instagram-worthy views from La Terrazza restaurant.
- Villa Sant’Andrea, A Belmond Hotel, Taormina – April 14
Built in 1919 among subtropical gardens, the property enjoys its own stretch on the secluded Bay of Mazzaro, where private cabanas for up to four guests can be reserved. Hop onboard the historic Circumetnea steam train to Mount Etna for private vineyard tours to taste rare vintages and local delicacies, available only to guests of Belmond.
- La Residencia, A Belmond Hotel, Mallorca – Opening March 18
Located in a hillside village located on the northwest coast of Mallorca, La Residencia was the first to attract artists and connoisseurs who put Deia on the map. Book the one-bedroom Suite 67 for added privacy – completely redesigned by British fashion designer Matthew Williamson, balancing his signature botanicals and lively colors while honoring the hotel’s traditional Mallorcan heritage.
- La Réserve Ramatuelle, Côte d’Azur – Opening May 2022
Nestled within a Mediterranean jardin overlooking the Cote d’Azur is the cliffside retreat, La Réserve Ramatuelle. Last summer the Palace hotel lifted the veil on a refreshed lobby, two Michelin-starred restaurant, and terrace helmed by none other than Jacques Garcia who took inspiration from the 1950s and 1960s when Cocteau, Picasso and Picault brought their creativity to the French Riviera.
January 14th, 2022
Conservation-led luxury travel company andBeyond is marking its 30th birthday by highlighting its pioneering business model, based on its ethos of Care of the Land, Care of the Wildlife and Care of the People. Built on a foundation that seeks to make conservation sustainable through providing exceptional experiences for its guests, the company has dedicated three decades to its vision of leaving the world a better place. Having exported its model of responsible travel to three continents, beginning in Africa and gradually expanding to cover parts of Asia and South America, andBeyond has launched a series of limited edition itineraries ranging from following the largest sardine migration off the coast of East Africa to birding in Sri Lanka to a teen-focused sustainability trip in Botswana’s Okavango Delta. These small set departure trips highlight the company’s conservation successes and achievements, seeking to promote greater awareness of sustainable travel by involving even more of its guests in incredible travel experiences that contribute towards environmental awareness and protection.
- Marine Predator Tagging Expedition: Guests join a team of marine conservationists and head out into Mozambique’s pristine waters in search of its apex predators and help tag Giant Trevally and Grey Reef Sharks.
- September 2022: September 5-9, 9-13, 13-17, and 17-21
- A Project Tiger Expedition: The 16-day journey takes guests to three national parks set up under this project, Ranthambhore National Park, Kanha National Park, and Kaziranga National Park.
- December 1-16, 2022 and January 12-27, 2023
- Walking in the Footsteps of a Tanzanian Guide: This nine-day journey offers the unrivalled opportunity to learn, first-hand, some of the skills of andBeyond’s East African guides while exploring diverse terrain and encountering iconic wildlife on foot.
- Care of Botswana’s Okavango Delta, its Wildlife and People: This privately-guided, nine-day itinerary for just four guests reveals the sanctity of water and how significant it is for the sustainability of the wildlife, communities and landscapes in the Chobe National Park and the world-renowned Okavango Delta.
- Departing: June 11, 2022; Jul7 23, 2022; July 31, 2022; and September 9, 2022
- Africa’s Greatest Marine Migration: A bucket list adventure for any diver, this expedition lets guests dive into the annual Sardine migration, the greatest shoal on earth (followed by predatory game fish, sharks, whales and giant pods of dolphin) followed by a Big Five safari.
- Our Impact Journey into South America: A 14-day impact journey exploring pioneering wildlife conservation projects aimed at protecting jaguars and pumas hosted by Les Carlisle, andBeyond’s Group Conservation Legend.
- Return of the Lion Expedition: This 10-day itinerary follows in the footsteps of five lions translocated from South Africa to Rwanda, to reverse a local extinction, and is hosted by Simon Naylor, Conservation Manager at andBeyond Phinda Private Game Reserve, and Drew Bantlin, Conservation and Research Manager at Akagera National Park.
Each of these set departure itineraries travels in groups of ten to twelve people, is accompanied by a specialist birding guide, and was created to appeal to both birders and non-birders. In addition, guests benefit from the opportunity to choose their favorite SWAROVSKI OPTIK binoculars from a selection of three of their latest models to use on the trip.
- Beyond Average Birding in South Africa combines the cosmopolitan and scenic attractions of Cape Town with Big Five safari in KwaZulu-Natal, all while exploring some of the country’s best known birding destinations.
- Departing in November 2022
- Beyond Average Birding in Ecuador: This 10-night itinerary travels from the depths of the Amazon to the renowned Galápagos Islands.
- Beyond Average Birding in Sri Lanka: This 10-night itinerary explores a range of ideal birding destinations including mangroves, wetlands, highlands, and lowlands.
- Beyond Average Birding in Bhutan: This itinerary seeks out a diversity of Himalayan bird species while offering an array of cultural, spiritual and wellness activities. A variety of walking trails offer opportunities for birding in Bhutan’s lush valleys, across its mountain passes and along the banks of its rivers.
- Beyond Average Birding in Botswana: This eight-night journey ventures from the Chobe River to the famed Okavango Delta, a paradise for birdwatchers two watery destinations, both attracting a wealth of both resident and migrant bird species.
Meant for teens: Eco-Guide Challenges
What makes these itineraries a “challenge” is that all of the teens will be challenged, as andBeyond’s guides are, on what they have learned while out on excursions, earning certificates and prizes that will be handed out at a festive ceremony dinner at the end of the trip. These excursions are a call to all aspiring conservationists, planet warriors, budding rangers, or any teen who loves the wilderness and its creatures and wants to leave the world a better place.
- South Africa: This four-night set itinerary takes place at andBeyond Phinda Private Game Reserve and includes a rhino and pangolin conservation experiences, bush walks, astronomy lessons, and ranger training.
- Dates: October 18-22, 2022 and March 6-10, 2023
- Botswana: This four-night itinerary takes place at andBeyond Xaranna Okavango Delta Camp and includes game drives, bushman skills, wild dog research, and a sustainability audit.
- Dates: October 22-26, 2022
- Mozambique: This marine-conservation focused itinerary takes place at andBeyond Benguerra Island and includes an introductory PADI diving course and scuba sessions, diving at 2-Mile Reef to learn about the fragile marine ecosystem, meeting the local community, and sandboarding on the dunes.
- Dates: October 10-14, 2022
- Tanzania: This five-night journey focuses on the Serengeti National Park (after one night in Arusha) and includes game drives through the Serengeti, nature walks, conservation lessons with local children, animal tracking, and a Maasai village visit.
- Chile: This four-night itinerary at andBeyond Vira Vira focuses on conservation and local culture through activities such horseback riding, a catch-and-release fishing competition, rafting, a community visit to learn about the local Mapuche people and a visit to Villarrica National Park for a wildlife photography lesson.
- Dates: October 3-7, 2022 and April 3-7, 2023
andBeyond designs personalized high-end tours in 13 countries in Africa, five in Asia and four in South America, offering discerning travelers a rare and exclusive experience of the world as it should be. andBeyond owns and operates 29 extraordinary lodges and camps in iconic safari, scenic and island destinations in Africa and South America. This enables them to positively impact more than 9 million acres of wildlife land and over 1,800 miles of coastline. Established in 1991, andBeyond strives to leave our world a better place than we found it through their ethos of care of the land, wildlife and people, and the delivery of extraordinary guest experiences.
January 10th, 2022
In celebration of its first anniversary in February 2022, Paradero Todos Santos in Baja, Mexico is offering guests a choice of amenities along with a special rate when booking a stay of two nights or more this winter. The offer’s value-added perks include either one 30-minute neck massage per person, per stay or one dinner for two, per stay (three-course chef´s menu, a welcome cocktail and non-alcoholic drinks included). A complimentary on-the-go Mexican breakfast per person, per day that includes a variety of burritos, fruit, coffee, tea, and orange juice, is also included.
Opened in February 2021, Paradero Todos Santos is a 35-suite experience-inclusive property with activities like hiking, mountain biking, learning to garden, and art tours offered as part of the weekly schedule. Less than 50 miles from San Jose del Cabo airport, the immediate landscape offers five distinct ecosystems: the desert with 200-year-old Cardon Cacti, the Sierra La Laguna Mountain range, miles of virgin beaches along the Pacific coast, an oasis with 5,000 palm trees, and farmland as far as the eye can see.
Other activities for guests include relaxing in a suspended ‘star net’ offering high-altitude views of the surrounding landscape or indulging in a traditional temazcal ceremony at the spa. The resort reflects its surroundings with details inspired by a sense of place, including an on-site 100,000-sq.ft. botanical garden with 60 endemic species and artisan-made furniture from Mexico. Chef Eduardo Rios, a Pujol alumni, is at the helm at the open-fire kitchen restaurant that utilizes a traditional Oaxacan clay oven.
The anniversary offer is valid for new bookings between January 8 – March 31, 2022. Rates start at $550 per night and a minimum two-night stay is required. All bookings are subject to availability. Blackout dates may apply. This offer cannot be combined with any other packages.
January 5th, 2022
This Valentine’s Day and beyond, all we need is love! For those who are looking for something a little extra special, our favorite travel-inspired gift options and nearby hotel experiences below are just the bow on top.
For Lovers of Craftsmanship:
The Fife Arms by an art world power duo, Iwan and Manuela Wirth, takes the ‘breakfast in bed’ gesture to the next level. For a thoughtful Scottish treat, Braemar Breakfast Small Gift Box contains a pair of the property’s famous egg scissors as well as two egg spoons carved from cow horn and a spurtle (traditional porridge-stirring implement) by McLean of Braemar, a local family-owned gift shop that was founded in 1968. Couples can also enjoy the artful property’s bone china jam dish, a caddy of Brodies 1867 Royal Scottish tea, tea towel featuring a Victorian illustration of the famous Gathering in Braemar, and a pot of Scottish heather honey. All is packed into a reusable gift box bearing the Fife Arms crest in gold. (£185)
While the online Shop offers myriad options for stylish design enthusiasts, another standout product is the new pewter and leather hip flask. The deep green bridle leather case with saddle stitch detail is hand crafted in Scotland by McRostie, a brand that has celebrated the finest British materials and provided exceptional leather craftsmanship since 1887. The case is embossed with The Fife Arms crest and motto – Ad Alta, ‘to the summit.’ (£165)
For Lovers of Art:
With 130 original pieces of colorful modern and pop art, White Elephant Palm Beach is a museum in its own right. New this season, guests can enjoy complimentary guided tours of the private collection that has been curated by the hotel’s owners as well as New York-based art consultant Emily Santangelo. The 30-minute experience is available at 10 a.m. on Saturdays. Guests will admire pieces by: a 10-year-old British artist who created 30 exclusive pieces for the powder rooms; Kenzo Okada, the first Japanese-American artist to receive international acclaim using abstract expressionist style; Yinka Shonibare who has recently unveiled a new public sculpture installation in West Palm Beach; and more.
For Lovers of Tablescapes:
Shou Sugi Ban House in the Hamptons, blending fitness programs and spa treatments with wabi-sabi design accommodations, expands its wellness philosophy to tablescaping through a line of signature ceramics made exclusively for the property by New York-based ceramicist Stephanie Charlene. The collection includes 4.75” and 6” bowls, a 6.75” side plate, and a 10.5” dinner plate, all made from a groggy white stoneware and finished with a sandy white glaze. Prices start at $40 and gifts are available to purchase online at www.ssbhouse.myshopify.com or at the onsite shop in Water Mill, New York.
Now that we have put away our festive season table linens, a classic option is from Gayle Warwick’s Whitework collection in white, silver and gold. (£120). London-based designer has worked with the same embroiderers for two decades to create each and every piece.
For Lovers of Ocean Safari:
Todos Santos, 45 miles up the coast from Cabo San Lucas, is a year-round haven for surfers and outdoor enthusiasts. Winter, when temperatures are still around mid-60s, is the best time for whale watching, as Gray Whales arrive in January. The 60,000-pound mammals migrate 5,000 miles from the cold waters of Alaska’s Bering Sea to Baja Peninsula to give birth, the longest known mammal migration in the world. In Todos Santos it is common to see them perform an acrobatic jump or come straight out of the water like a periscope of a submarine. The 35-suite, experience-focused Paradero Todos Santos can arrange daily ocean safaris for up-close encounters. The property is an 80% landscape/20% construction project, situated by the Le Mesa farming community with more than a dozen family-owned farms. We recommend a rooftop suite, where a suspended ‘star net’ offers high-altitude views of the surrounding topography.
For Lovers of Fishing:
Located along the pristine, crescent-shaped Maundays Bay, Cap Juluca, a Belmond hotel in Anguilla, is a sanctuary for total escapism. Every room is beachfront, giving guests their very own slice of Caribbean Sea. A new experience for this winter season honors the island’s reverence of the sea. Guests can join third-generation Anguillan fisherman Shawn Romney to learn about the importance fishing for the local community. Using a traditional yo-yo reel, head over to the eastern point of Maundays Bay, a favorite local fishing spot for decades, and cast a line searching for a yellowtail snapper, blue runner, or parrotfish before taking the fresh catch back to the new Peruvian restaurant, UCHU, for a private ceviche lunch. The two-hour fishing experience is offered complimentary for up to four guests at a time, excluding the ceviche lunch.
For Lovers of History:
Did you know that according to the latest census, more than 31.5 million U.S. residents have claimed Irish ancestry? Fun fact: 23 U.S. presidents, including Joe Biden, are among this long list. The 16th-century Dromoland Castle, located in the countryside of County Clare in western Ireland, helps previous and future guests with the love and curiosity for family history. This Valentine’s Day, couples interested in tracing their Irish roots can start with the property’s genealogy package. After filling out family history details, the in-house genealogist, Lorna Maloney, hosts a private 45-minute Zoom call before preparing and presenting the full results.
For Lovers of Music:
Rock and Roll Hall of Famer (2001) and the hotelier behind GoldenEye in Jamaica that has inspired the creation of James Bond, Chris Blackwell has recently launched Blackwell Rum Truffles. Created in partnership with Charbonnel et Walker, a London chocolatier established in 1875, each truffle has a velvety golden rum-filled center, wrapped with rich and silky dark chocolate, and topped with vermicelli chocolate sprinkles. Available to order on BlackwellRum.com and CharbonnelChocolates.com, each package of nine truffles is $28. An extra special treat can be found right under the box lid: an exclusive playlist, accessible via a QR code, that is curated by Chris Blackwell himself.
January 5th, 2022
Known as a winter playground for those seeking sunshine and pristine beaches, in Palm Beachthis season it is the rich culture and flourishing art scene that will vie for the spotlight. Beyond the city’s many established and emerging galleries, art enthusiasts should also mark their calendars for the 37th Annual ArtiGras Fine Arts Festival (February 19-20, 2022). Recently named one of the top 70 fine art festivals in the U.S., this event attracts more than 300 artists and tens of thousands of art lovers and collectors. While the acclaimed Norton Museum of Art’s exhibits feature works from perennial favorite Frida Kahlo and The New Yorker’s Saul Steinberg, as well as landscapes by Hassam, Wyeth and other American Masters. There is also a brand-new, state-of-the-art marina which was specifically designed to attract another type of eye-candy, the floating masterpieces called superyachts. The $40 million renovation transformed the old Town Docks into a world-class facility able to accommodate vessels from 60 ft up to 294 ft superyachts. And for those who will be arriving by plane rather than boat, getting there just easier with several new flight options to Palm Beach from hubs across the country. The new service includes nonstops from New Haven (CT), Austin, (TX), Minneapolis (MN), and restored daily flights from New York JFK.
A Perfect Nest For Culture Vultures
Opened just a year ago, White Elephant Palm Beach offers the intimate warmth of a private residence with just 13 rooms and 19 suites spread across four stories housed in the former Bradley Park Hotel – originally constructed in 1924 as one of the first resorts on Palm Beach’s Main Street. In addition to the landmark building and impeccable interior design which breaks from the traditional pink and green Palm Beach aesthetic, what sets this property apart is a museum-worthy collection of 120 original pieces of colorful modern and pop art personally curated by the owners and architect Elkus Manfredi. New this season, hotel guests can take a complimentary educational guided tour of the hotel’s private art collection. The 30-minute experience is available every Saturday at 10:00 am for hotel guests.
The hotel’s new “Soak Up Sun & Culture” package provides guests access to some of the city’s top cultural institutions. In addition to a two-night stay in the one of the hotel’s residential-style guestrooms, the experience includes two tickets to: the Flagler Museum, housed in a 75-room, 100,000 sq ft Gilded Age mansion; The Norton Museum of Art, with a permanent collection of more than 8,200 works; and, the 1916 Palm Beach County Court House and Johnson History Museum, operated by the Historical Society of Palm Beach County and designed to bring the city’s vivid history to life.
The Suite Life
Life is truly sweeter at the top. The hotel’s two penthouse suites – Park Suite and Palm Suite – are perched at the top of the hotel and offer private rooftop terraces ranging between 800- to 1,200 sq ft, ideal for intimate gatherings. Those looking to entertain will also appreciate the suites’ large living rooms and fully equipped kitchens. With views of Bradley Park, the Park Suite is a three-bedroom that expands into four, and the ocean-facing Palm Suite is a two-bedroom that expands into three. The onsite team is always on-hand to help plan the perfect event and make any celebration memorable.
Making Stylish Moves
Leave ride-shares in the past thanks to White Elephant Palm Beach’s partnership with BMW. Guests can be chauffeured into town in a 7 series or borrow the keys to take a spin on their own. For shorter trips, White Elephant Palm Beach also has a partnership with Priority Bicycles, allowing guests complimentary access to pedal around town. For a day on the water, Barton & Gray yachts will also offer exclusive access to guests for excursions.